Aquarelas: Explorar, sentir, vibrar, Brasil!
Um alfabeto, é um substantivo masculino, originário do latim A, B, C, D ou abecedarius. Introduz todos os símbolos de um alfabeto através de um meio visual: livro, cartaz, bordado… Os ABCs são materiais de ensino e descoberta muito difundidos.
E, como Albert Jacquard, um geneticista revolucionário francês, disse: E o objetivo de toda a educação deveria ser projetar todos na aventura de uma vida para descobrir, guiar, construir.
Aquarelas apresenta aqui seu ABCDaire do Brasil. Vinte e seis palavras ilustradas pelo texto e pela imagem. Um alfabeto lúdico para descobrir, um animal, um personagem, um parque nacional, um gênero musical, como tantas janelas abertas sobre o gigante brasileiro.
A for Amazon
The mythical river is also the name of the greatest region of Brazil. It covers three states, three time zones. The largest fresh water basin of our planet fuels many purposes. Local people fighting to preserve the environment as a basis for livelihood. Entrepreneurs interested in the richness of soil and subsoil. The public authorities arbitrate in order to maintain and guarantee the balance of this region geopolitically remarkable. The Amazon is fascinating and proves to be an inescapable destination of introspection.
B for Berimbau
This strange musical instrument is the soul of Capoeira, a Brazilian cultural heritage, a mixture of dance and martial art. Its origins go back to the confines of civilizations. It is the contemporary of the musical arches used by the first men. It consists of a gourd, a rod and a steel wire. A stick, “a caxixi” (closed wicker rattle containing seeds) and a “dobrão” (coin) are necessary to draw the most beautiful shades. Training is essential to master the weight of the instrument before stammering.
C for Caipirinha
Globally known and recognized, the Brazilian drink is made of cachaça (sugar cane alcohol), lemon, sugar and ice cubes. This national emblem, born in the nineteenth century, is the contraction of two words: the first, “caipira”, for the peasants, the second, “inha”, is the diminutive of the Portuguese language. Today, there are several ways to enjoy it, with passion fruit, kiwi, strawberry and ginger flavor. Well administrated, refreshing, served with a straw and a good smile, it is a trap for tourists who abuse it.
D for Dom João VI
From his arrival he initiates many reforms in the city. Ports are open to trade; the Banco do Brasil, the Public Treasury and the Botanical Garden are created. A French artistic mission is invited to give the young kingdom a European splendor. A colony left aside for a long time has recovered. He will return to Portugal, leaving to his son the care to continue his work and the need to proclaim the independence. It will be done on September 7, 1822.
E for Ethanol
Ethanol = CH3 CH2OH = ethyl alcohol, present in all alcoholic beverages. It is known as a hangover agent! By moisturizing with yeast and purifying it by distillation, it turns into a biofuel. Brazil is the main producer and pioneer country of this renewable energy. A tonne of sugar cane is needed to produce 90 liters of ethanol. In 30 years, Brazil reduced its CO2 emissions by 800 tons. A curve that you want to climb.
F for Futebol
F for Futebol, Georges Miller, English school, offers 2 balls for local people. Soon the society takes hold of this sport and federates behind the “Seleção”. Football is turning into a national passion. Social elevator, which provides the “big” players in Europe, who dream of Pele, Zico, Ronaldo, … Broken angels are many, , fortunately the pleasure of the fans remain during “as peladas” throughout the week and weekends on the beach. The country will finish 2017 with 243 centenary clubs, a record!
G for Guarana
Originating from the Amazon, its red pods, enclose a white pulpit and a nucleus used in many fields (pharmaceutical and food). This small fruit has antioxidant, energizing and aphrodisiac properties. Guarana powder increases the physical and mental stamina by stimulating the central nervous system. Consuming high doses may even be addictive. However, its best-known, harmless derivative, is a soft drink well known to Brazilians. To consume cold with a quarter of orange.
H for Havaianas
This rubber sandal once considered the shoe of the poor is today the latest on the beaches of the whole world. A dramatic evolution for this 50-year-old brand. The Havaianas are distributed in 80 countries, selling more than 160 million pairs a year. Available in many colors and shapes, resistant and cheap, they are a great gift idea for your loved ones. Legend says that every Brazilians have at least 2 pairs.
I for Ipanema
This district founded in 1894, has long lived in the shadow of Copacabana, undisputed symbol of Rio de Janeiro. The demographic and cultural momentum reversed the hierarchy. Ipanema is today the “modern district”. The youth clings to its beach, restaurants and bars, while the wealthy find themselves in air-conditioned residences and luxury boutiques. Walk around is important to understand the bucolic dimension of the neighborhood where Bossa Nova was born, along with its anthem, “Girl from Ipanema”.
J for Juscelino Kubitschek
Elected president of Brazil in 1955, intends to develop the country 50 years in 5. A pharaonic project whose main objectives are the national industrial production (transportation, energy, food) and the settlement of the central plateau of Brazil. The capital Rio de Janeiro is transferred to Brasilia. A great popularity and foreign capital influx allowed him to inaugurate Brasília, new federal capital, on April 20, 1960. JK would be elected in 2001 the Brazilian of the century.
K for restaurants au Kilo
These establishments have been competing for a long time with the development of fast food restaurants in Brazil. They are present all over the country and propose a concept, on my part, never seen elsewhere. You pay the weight of the food on your plate. A large buffet of salads, hot dishes, grilled meats, sauced dishes are available for the people. An experience of a typical and cheap lunch not to be missed. The kilogram of food varies between 15 and 60 reais.
L for Legal
Is an adjective, consisting of 2 vowels and 3 consonants, derived from the Latin “legalis” (relating to law), “lex” (law), “light”. These three roots reveal the first use of this word. That is: which is established by the written law, which is according to the law. Its meaning and its spelling are not different in Brazil, but the present language gave it a different meaning. It is used as “cool”, which includes a lot of positive adjectives. Along with the word, comes the thumb and the smile so characteristic throughout the country. A word and a gesture to be made from the first steps in Brazil. Pronunciation: lagal!
M for Maracaña
Is the nickname given to the Rio de Janeiro football stadium. Mythical place where the biggest names “do futebol brasileiro” have been measured. Built for the 1950 World Cup, legend has it that 200,000 people witnessed the defeat of the Brazilian team in the final, which lost 2-1 to Uruguay. The stadium was also the scene of the final of the 2014 World Cup between Germany X Argentina. On this occasion, the Europeans defeated the Brazilians centenary sport rivals.. phew!
N for Oscar Niemeyer
Centenary architect, is known all over the world for idealizing the buildings of Brasilia. Disciple of Le Corbusier, he defies the monotony of contemporary architecture: straight and inflexible. It exacerbates the curves, born of the mountains, the sea and the woman. A source of inspiration he carries in his Carioca blood. His work is not limited to Brasilia. To him we owe: the headquarters of the United Nations in New York, the Iberapuera Park in São Paulo, the “Puerto de la Musica” in Argentina, … The country regrets his recent disappearance.
O for Onça pintada
The largest South American predator, of solitary habits and threatened to extinction, reigns in the plains and plateaus of Brazil. Carnivore, it feeds on mammals, snakes and amphibians. It can reach 210 centimeters in length and weigh up to 150 kilos. Their survival is linked to the human behavior that invades their hunting area, which can reach 80 square kilometers. It is possible to observe it in the Pantanal region. This national symbol can also be observed on the R$ 50 bills.
P for Parque National da Serra da Capivara
Located in the state of Piauí, is an open-air museum. An area of 129,000 hectares, classified since 1991 as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO, where prehistoric man left many traces. Rock paintings and engravings from 12,000 years adorn 400 archaeological sites and represent the fauna, rites and daily life of Homo sapiens-sapiens. A unique ethno-ecological tourist site that would be the cradle of the South American man.
Q for Queijo Minas
Round cheese coming from the Portuguese technique of making curdled cheese with fresh milk. It is mainly produced in the state of Minas Gerais and therefore carries it in its name. It is widely consumed by the population. It can be served for breakfast in slices, sandwiches, for dessert accompanied with guava. It is characterized by its slightly salty touch. It develops a slight bitterness as it ages. Officially known as Brazilian Intangible Cultural Heritage, this cheese is part of the Brazilian gastronomic tradition.
R for Roberto Carlos
Singer and composer, idol of the old youth. He has more than 50 years of career, which has pass through the latest major musical movements. His rock-pop hits represent the variety of popular culture. He shares with Pelé, the best player in football history, the nickname “the king”. He graces his fans by distributing roses during concerts and cultivates some curiosities like the car and the wardrobe exclusively blue and white.
S for Samba
This term defines the musical genre and dance that derives from a mixture of African and Brazilian tradition. It appears in the region of Bahia, in the seventeenth century, but it assumes its full dimension Rio de Janeiro to become a mark of national identity. Associated with the image of the vagabond, he accompanies the percussion and tells the daily life of the poorest sections of society. The “samba de roda” entered history in 2005 as the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Tribute to the late masters Pixinguinha, Elis Regina, Cartola…
T for Tuiuiú
This large bird is one of the symbols of the Brazilian Pantanal. The “Jabiru mycteria” is a bird of the stork family. Easily recognizable by its size (up to 1.60 meters), its wingspan (up to 3 meters), reddish throat and elongated beak. He lives in colonies near rivers and ponds and feeds on fish, mollusks and amphibians. They build only one nest in life and increase it each year. The species is not threatened and its predators are few, its flesh is not fit for consumption.
U for Urucum
Is a fruit extracted from “Bixa orellana”, a tree native from the tropical America. Their thorny pods hide about fifty seeds, from which the natives extract a red pigment used as body paint. This traditional ornament also serves as sunscreen and repellent. Traditional medicine uses urucum for its varied healing virtues. The seeds are used in cosmetics as they are very rich in vitamin A and calcium. Its leaves are used to cleanse the bronchi and reduce cholesterol.
V for Vidigal
Is one of the over 700 communities, “favelas”, in Rio de Janeiro. Located on the foot of the two brothers’ hill and at the end of Leblon beach, it was an illegal refugee area for armed drug traffickers. Federal and municipal action introduced basic public services. For the majority of locals, a relief. And the positive results are seen with bare eyes. Tourists frequent the community, revealing their talents and receiving many cultural events. The affirmation of a place of popular life.
W for Wilson Simonal
Carioca singer, use to animate the balls of his regiment before taking the clubs of the city. The singer is revealed in the eyes of Brazil. The hits are everywhere and he gets a prime time television show. At this time, a feat for a black man. While dictatorship prevails and young singers go into exile, Simonal chooses to stay. Close to power, he quickly becomes an enemy. Errors accumulate and with them comes defamation. This one that popularized the song “País Tropical” died forgotten by all.
X for Xingu
Indigenous dialect word meaning “good waters”. It is the name of a river that crosses the central plateau of Brazil and also of a native reserve of 30 thousand square kilometres, created in 1961. Twenty years of struggle were necessary for the brothers Villas Bôas, adventurers, anthropologist and biologist, to present in Brazil the preservation of indigenous cultures and populations. A dozen ethnic groups live in this territory. But the struggle continues, against industrial progress, in favor of the expansion of the Alto Xingu reserve.
Y for Yemanja
She is the divinity of the waters, the mother of the world, in the Afro-Brazilian religion. Candomblé is a cult that mixes indigenous rites, African beliefs and Catholicism. It was introduced in Brazil amid the slave trade. Her element is water, her colors are silver, blue and white; her day is saturday; her symbols are the sword, the knife, the fish, the bracelets and the shells; her syncretic equivalent is Holy Mary. Many tributes are paid on December 31, as flowers and boats placed on the ocean.
Z for Zumbi dos Palmares
Black, born free in the seventeenth century inside a “quilombo” (community of fugitive slaves). It is one of the main symbols of the black resistance against slavery. At the age of 25 he became the leader of a community of 30,000 people that resists the central government. Zumbi will fight 20 years for the freedom of the slaves in colonial Brazil. Betrayed, he will be assassinated on November 20, 1695. The day of his death, a national holiday, is celebrated by many cultural and religious manifestations.